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All contracts should inclu… It can be more costly per unit of wood removed to cut only a few, selected trees, rather than cut most or all trees in the stand. We study the existing road system (if there is one) and the topography of your land to create an efficient system of logging roads. The most common one found today is commercial clear cutting. This work may require special equipment such as a slashbuster, mulcher, etc. Describe special measures for road design and layout. Video. One way to do this is to create a forest management plan. Plan your harvest so that uncut stands of trees will intercept and absorb runoff from your harvest area. Wood - Wood - Harvesting of wood: Harvesting of wood differs radically from harvesting of other crops. There are BMPs that can be applied to many phases of timber harvesting including: Forethought may be the most important tool you have to avoid problems for your woodland watershed. Timber harvesting is an artificial disturbance that also affects the ecosystem. My beautiful cedars are now showing some dying branches. The yearly growth of each individual tree cannot be detached from the living plant. Describe special measures for road design and layout. Use sediment and drainage control structures where necessary to avoid erosion. Maintaining forest health, habitat creation, income, and recreation are all goals that might drive you to do a timber harvest. A great resource is your local Small Woodland Owner Association chapter, where you can find other active landowners and schedule a visit. Usually prices are highest during winter and early spring, mostly because of the restrictions of wet-weather hauling and the resulting shortage of logs during that time. Nov 2020 | Use existing skid trails if they offer the best access and environmental protections. Harvesting can remove poorly formed trees, lower-value species, damaged trees, and mature trees that will provide more growing space for residual trees. This technique should fit the structure of the forest and the ecosystem you are in. Want to be a good neighbor to local wildlife? You’ll also want to use a Forest Products Sales Contract when conducting your timber sale. For example, there may be forest units on your property better suited for timber production, while others might have wonky trees better for wildlife habitat. There are many players in the process of planning and executing a timber harvest. As part of your harvest plan, think about and outline some economic considerations. Landowners may choose to cut trees on their property for many reasons. Pennsylvania’s forests.Tracts of forest land of all types and sizes are important to our communities. A timber harvest is an important tool for achieving your goals and maintaining the health of your forest. Felling and preparing the tree for extraction (delimbing, topping, and segmenting). Completing an inventory and talking to log buyers about your upcoming harvest can help you to quantify how much wood you have and approximately how much it is worth. Extracting the tree to a central location or landing (skidding or forwarding). Third, the value of timber depends heavily on how much timber is sold in one timber sale and what kind of harvesting is done. This difference increases with the intensity of the treatment. This involves cleaning up and fixing existing roads, and constructing new ones. Do use timber harvesting as a management tool. Article. Goals help you identify what is most important to you when completing work on your land. Glenn Ahrens | Featured question. Goals help you identify what is most important to you when completing work on your... management technique . Here’s how our proven ten-step timber sale process works for you… 1. They should not sit in the path of water runoff, which can carry debris into lakes, wetlands or streams. The report of the Pennsylvania Twenty-First Century Environment Commission, published in 1998, highlighted the value of forests as an asset of the Com… Article. Be mindful where you place residue piles. Silviculture's goal is … We have experts in family and health, community development, food and agriculture, coastal issues, forestry, programs for young people, and gardening. But if they are thoughtfully designed, you can minimize ill effects and help your woodland recover quickly from any disturbance caused. Where steep grades are unavoidable, winch logs uphill rather than constructing a conventional skid trail. Given the costs involved, it only makes sense for a sawmill to utilize every last part of each tree that comes through their doors (and that’s exactly what they’ll do). Works with machinery that is not only productive but has a low impact on forest. 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